What Is Microdermabrasion?

What Is Microdermabrasion Feature Image

In the social world today, it seems like people are always on the hunt to enhance their looks – either because they need it in their job, or because they want to feel confident enough to present themselves to the world. And to those who purely want to feel good about themselves, your skin is the first thing people notice.

With efficient and effective microdermabrasion treatment, you will be able to give yourself a youthful glow, taking a few years off your appearance and feel more confident in your skin.

Definition of Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion [1] is a non-invasive procedure that addresses uneven skin tones, irregular skin textures, dark spots that may develop into acne, complexion’s dullness, scars, age spots, and a specific skin problem characterized by dark patches on the skin – melasma. 

In the past, before microdermabrasion – people who want to get their skin improved, would go for dermabrasion where the treatment is often painful due to the use of lasers and abrasive wheel/brush to remove dead skin.

Both treatments are relatively similar with microdermabrasion having fewer risks due to the technique of procedure. While dermabrasion involves higher risks and requires a more clinical approach – getting anesthetic shots before the treatment starts, microdermabrasion is a less abrasive and lower-risk method of dead skin removal.

Aside from doing the treatments in clinics, microdermabrasion gives you the flexibility of doing it yourself at home. Many dermatologists and manufacturers these days come up with home microdermabrasion techniques that consumers could easily buy them online or from their preferred departmental stores.

Despite such a simple procedure, many experts still recommend consulting the dermatologist first. The ideal age for such treatment are people around their 20s.

How Does Microdermabrasion Work?

Microdermabrasion is a technique of exfoliation for the outer layer part of the skin using tiny crystals. The sensation of this procedure may feel like a mild scratch to the skin to some consumers. Yet, the effect of this also often depends on the type of product used on the type of skin. 

Since microdermabrasion involves deliberately smoothening out the surface with fine particles, and sometimes vacuum suction to the layer of skin, some consumers may take some time to get used to the feeling of it.

There are two options that consumers could choose from to receive the microdermabrasion procedure. Visiting a dermatology clinic and purchasing a skin care product with a ‘microdermabrasion’ label on it. For the latter option, since it is relatively affordable, and there is a wide range of brands that sells these types of product in the market, consumers have a commodity of options to choose.

Do-It-Yourself Microdermabrasion treatments are also easy to apply as most of them work just like your regular facial wash and lotions.

The only concern about it is due to the nature of the dermabrasion process in the past. Dermatologist advises consumers to be conscious when using such products themselves because in the olden days with dermabrasion, people with darker skin tend to receive bad results such as scarring and discoloration.

Since most microdermabrasion products also work like chemical peels or facial masks, there is a possibility of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation – a health term used to refer to the increased production of melanin, resulting in darker skin discoloration.

These effects from the processes may sometimes be intense and prolonged. Most experts would say that microdermabrasion cannot be recommended to those with lupus, open wounds, rosacea, and eczema due to a stimulation of blood flow over the face – which, if you suffer from any of those may cause skin irritation and worse, even griever problems.

Although microdermabrasion is said to work on all skin types and colors and is a different procedure compared to dermabrasion, there are still chances that not all products use the same kind of ingredient and technique. So it is necessary to discuss these possibilities with your doctor first – seek medical advice before buying a product.

A Woman Inside Water Full Of Orange Slices

Who Should Use Microdermabrasion?

People with common skin problems such as acne, skin redness or rashes, and aging skin should use microdermabrasion.

Acne-prone skin

Several factors are contributing to acne-prone skin includes one’s food intake, hormonal imbalances, stress, and more. While using microdermabrasion, it is also essential to eat plenty of nutritious food, drink plenty of water, and exercise regularly.

Skin redness or rashes

Several factors contributing to skin redness and rashes could be due to the cosmetic products that you are using. Since some products like detergent (e.g., your clothes), body wash and facial wash get in touch with your skin, if such products contain artificial chemicals and harmful ingredients (e.g., parabens, artificial fragrance, sodium lauryl sulfate, polyethylene glycol, formaldehyde, etc.), microdermabrasion alone is not going to help your skin condition get better.

To tackle this issue along with microdermabrasion, you will also need to eliminate some products with harmful ingredients and choose vegan-friendly skin care products. Avoid scratching your skin if itch occurs, and apply some soothing cream like menthol.

Aging Skin

Overexposure of the sun and repetitive muscular motion are the key factors to aging skin. Since wrinkle and fine lines are a natural process of a human being, there is no way to eliminate it but slow down the process of it. With microdermabrasion, you will be able to exfoliate dead skin cells to stimulate the production of collagen – keeping the layer of skin firm and smooth.

To tackle this issue, you should always remember to apply sunscreen whenever you go outdoors to limit the UV exposure to your skin and moisturizer to keep your skin supple and elastic too.

Woman Getting Facial Treatment

Frequently Asked Questions

Is microdermabrasion good for your skin?

Yes, microdermabrasion is good for your skin. However, it may not be suitable for all skin types. Although microdermabrasion is very closely related to dermabrasion since the procedure of treatment for both involves the removal of dead skin, the techniques used for both are very different. 

Microdermabrasion is a new technique that is painless and non-invasive that helps enhance the appearance of the skin through excellent line reduction, taking away early sun damage, and treating mild to slight acne marks. 

Side note, those with deep acne scars and wrinkles may refrain from microdermabrasion treatment.

What are the benefits of microdermabrasion?

The benefits of microdermabrasion include breakout reduction, stimulate skin cells [1] to slow premature aging symptoms, and producing an even skin tone to consumers who use them. Also, it reduces skin pigmentation and unclogs pores to heal acne and blackhead issues. 

Microdermabrasion provides treatment for fine lines, scarring, dry skin, wrinkles, burnt skin surfaces, and is also known to strengthen the skin and to give your complexion a more natural glow.

How long do the effects of microdermabrasion last?

The effects of typical microdermabrasion procedure usually last about five minutes to an hour. As compared to dermabrasion, there is no recovery time needed after undergoing a microdermabrasion process. Do note that depending on the individual, their skin may be a little pinkish and dry for the next 24 hours after the treatment. To some, they may even start to apply makeup after the procedure. It is essential to apply moisturizer after each session every time.

How do you take care of your skin after microdermabrasion?

Step 1: Apply moisturizer

Step 2: Keep your skin cool and comfortable

Step 3: Try not to expose your skin to the sun, heat, and pollution after the procedure for at least a day – Use a sunscreen whenever you go outdoors

Step 4: Tone down on your skin care routine a little – relax and stay hydrated. 

Step 5: Do not scratch your skin.

Does microdermabrasion facial hurt?

No, current microdermabrasion treatment does not hurt anymore. However, consumers should expect a little bit of tenderness and redness on their skin for a few hours (and maybe days) after the treatment.


Microdermabrasion is a complex term that is often mistaken as dermabrasion due to its history. However, microdermabrasion is one of the least painful yet most effective skin care treatments sufficient to showcase the changes on your skin. It has a gentle approach to exfoliating dead skin cells and has been widely used in spas to improve the overall complexion and skin texture of consumers.

As long as you perform this procedure according to its instruction, read the reviews well before you purchase the product, this painless treatment should give you no significant risks. It is a common misconception, but the anti-aging effects of this skin treatment are to provide solutions for wrinkles and pigmentation – not tightening of sagging skin.

Whether you are visiting a dermatologist or doing your own microdermabrasion routine, it is crucial to do it regularly (2 – 3 times a week depending on each product’s instruction) to prevent reoccurring development of acne, wrinkles, and scarring. For better results, since microdermabrasion mainly targets the outer layer skin, you can use them correspondingly with other products that you like.

Just remember to consult your dermatologist about it and follow the instructions given carefully as not all microdermabrasion cream works the same method.